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What Are The Formats Of E-Invoicing In Germany

Updated: Jul 4

Germany’s e-invoicing mandate is here, and with it comes a flurry of acronyms! Don’t worry, this post will navigate you through the key formats you’ll encounter: ZUGFeRD, XRechnung, Peppol BIS, and EDI.


1. ZUGFeRD (Central User Guide Forum for Electronic Invoicing in Germany):

A hybrid format combining PDF and XML, enabling invoices to be both human-readable and machine-processable.

What it is: A hybrid format combining a human-readable PDF with embedded machine-readable data (usually XML). Think of it as a bilingual document — clear for you and computers alike.


  • Flexible — allows for customization and additional information.

  • Human-readable — easy to understand for both sender and receiver.

  • Widely accepted — compatible with many e-invoicing systems.


  • Slightly more complex setup compared to XRechnung.

  • Requires additional software for some functionalities.


2. XRechnung:

A purely XML-based format mandated for B2G transactions.

What it is: The government-approved, structured XML format specifically designed for the German e-invoicing system. Imagine it as a pre-formatted invoice with all the necessary data fields pre-defined.


  • Easy to implement — straightforward format with clear guidelines.

  • Government-approved — guaranteed compliance with the mandate.

  • Secure — adheres to strict security standards.


  • Limited flexibility — offers minimal customization options.

  • Less human-friendly — not directly readable without specific software.

Peppol BIS

3. Peppol BIS (Business Interoperability Specifications Billing):

A network and standard enabling businesses to exchange standardized electronic documents across borders.

What it is: Not a format itself, but rather a global network that facilitates secure e-invoice exchange between different systems. Think of it as the postal service for e-invoices, ensuring they reach the right recipient regardless of the format they’re in (ZUGFeRD or XRechnung).


  • Interoperability — enables secure e-invoice exchange with any Peppol-compliant partner.

  • Streamlined workflow — facilitates automated processing and quicker settlements.

  • Global reach — ideal for businesses trading internationally.


  • Requires Peppol-certified access points for connection.

  • May involve additional setup costs depending on your chosen provider.

Electronic Data Interchange

4. EDI (Electronic Data Interchange):

A standardized method to exchange business documents electronically in a structured format.

What it is: A broader electronic communication standard for exchanging structured business documents like invoices, purchase orders, and more. It’s a complex system often used by larger organizations with established EDI infrastructure.


  • Highly-structured and automated — facilitates efficient data exchange and minimizes errors.

  • Versatile — can handle various business documents beyond invoices.

  • Secure — adheres to robust security protocols.


  • Most complex setup of all the options.

  • Requires significant technical expertise for implementation and maintenance.

  • May not be cost-effective for smaller businesses due to initial costs.

Choosing the Right Format:

The best format depends on your specific needs:

  • For simple B2B transactions within Germany: XRechnung is a good choice due to its ease of use and compliance.

  • For flexibility and international trade: ZUGFeRD offers more customization and broader compatibility.

  • For secure exchange with diverse partners: Peppol BIS facilitates seamless communication across systems.

  • For large organizations with existing EDI infrastructure: EDI might be a suitable solution, however, consider the complexity and cost.

Remember: Don’t be afraid to seek expert advice! Consulting an e-invoicing specialist can help you navigate the options and choose the format that best suits your business requirements for a smooth transition to Germany’s e-invoicing landscape.

Germany is set to introduce mandatory e-invoicing for all B2B transactions starting January 2025. The German e-invoicing mandate is approaching, and businesses need to be prepared.

At Melasoft, we offer a comprehensive e-invoicing solution that supports formats in Germany, ensuring compliance and efficiency for your business. With its extensive experience in over 30 countries and a proven track record of e-invoicing success, Melasoft can be your trusted partner in Germany.

Contact Melasoft today for a free demo. Let’s discuss your specific needs and craft a custom e-invoicing solution that guarantees smooth compliance in Germany.


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